Cognitive Dissonance: Definition and Examples

To reduce this dissonance, we are motivated to try to think that the task turned out well. The theory of cognitive dissonance has been widely researched in a number of situations to develop the basic idea in more detail, and various factors have been identified which may be important in attitude change. When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors (dissonance), something must change to eliminate the dissonance. The theory behind this approach is that in order to resolve the dissonance, a person’s implicit beliefs about their body and thinness will change, reducing their desire to limit their food intake. Avoiding, delegitimizing, and limiting the impact of cognitive dissonance may result in a person not acknowledging their behavior and thus not taking steps to resolve the dissonance.

Averse consequences vs. inconsistency

When we develop integrity, we are simply lining up our actions with our beliefs and consistently acting on them. Finally, many of the studies supporting the theory of cognitive dissonance have low ecological validity. For example, turning pegs (as in Festinger’s experiment) is an artificial task that doesn’t happen in everyday life. If both options are equally harmless, changing your beliefs to support the option you chose won’t have any long-term negative impacts.

Social pressures

  • Regardless, these healthy choices promote good overall health and may play a role in good cognitive health.
  • Maybe they do not make much sense to you or other people, but everyone is different.
  • These feelings may even lead you to hide your actions or decisions from others or to feel like you are a hypocrite.
  • But you can feel caught off guard when those values and beliefs are shaken by social pressures, the presence of new information or having to make a rushed last-minute decision.

These science-based exercises will provide you with detailed insight into Positive CBT and give you the tools to apply it in your therapy or coaching. Cognitive dissonance is powerful because we are highly driven to eliminate it.

  • Without recognizing the powerful shifts in thinking while craving, the smoker may conclude that the relapse reflects a lack of willpower or self-confidence.
  • To alleviate this discomfort, people resort to rationalization and denial.
  • While chemistry ignites passion, compatibility nurtures the core of a lasting bond.

A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance – Leon Festinger

Have you ever felt a sense of tension in your mind, but you weren’t sure why or what was causing it? This psychological phenomenon of cognitive dissonance is hard to detect, but for those with addiction, it is important to recognize. This can help be able to detect any underlying mental illness that can be a major contributor to someone’s addictive behavior. Co-occurring disorders (addiction and substance disorder coinciding) can be managed with dual diagnosis treatment. It completely changes a person’s moral compass, which is why the choice they make to engage in these addictive behaviors is stronger than just willpower. When a person always has a rational explanation for their irrational behavior, this is known in psychology as the cognitive dissonance theory.

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Lecanemab works by preventing amyloid plaques in the brain from clumping. This study was the largest so far to look at whether clearing clumps of amyloid plaques from the brain can slow the disease. The Alzheimer’s medicine called cholinesterase inhibitors is sometimes given to people with MCI whose main symptom is memory loss. However, cholinesterase inhibitors aren’t recommended for routine treatment of MCI. They haven’t been found to affect progression to dementia, and they can cause side effects. No one test can confirm that someone has mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

cognitive dissonance treatment

A Psychologist Explains Love’s ‘Chemistry-Or-Compatibility’ Problem

Challenge your beliefs

  • Communities can provide the structure and means for collective intelligence to emerge, becoming a vital locus for new ideas, even though they sometimes have a difficult time describing the goals and dreams that unite them.
  • Here are three reasons why we’re often drawn to initial chemistry, leading us to conveniently overlook long-term compatibility.
  • Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) investigated if making people perform a dull task would create cognitive dissonance through forced compliance behavior.
  • Cognitive dissonance is the uncomfortable feeling that can occur when you have conflicting beliefs, values, or behaviors.

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